Capsules: 1.25 milligrams,
Capsules: 2.5 milligrams,
Capsules: 5 milligrams,
Capsules: 10 milligrams
Altace is prescribed for the treatment of heart failure (congestive heart failure or CHF) and high blood pressure (hypertension).
Altace is prescribed for to prevent heart attacks, strokes and deaths due to heart disease.
Altace is prescribed in the treatment of high blood pressure. It is effective when prescribed alone or in combination with other high blood pressure medications, especially thiazide-type water pills (diuretics). Altace works by preventing the conversion of a chemical in your blood called angiotensin I into a more potent substance that increases salt and water retention in your body. It also enhances blood flow in your circulatory system. It is a member of the group of drugs called ACE inhibitors.
Altace is also prescribed to reduce the chances of heart attack, stroke, and heart-related death in people 55 years or older who are in danger of such an event. Typical candidates include those who suffer from coronary artery disease, poor circulation, stroke, or diabetes and have at least one other risk factor, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, low HDL ("good") cholesterol, or cigarette smoking.
If you do suffer a heart attack and develop heart failure, Altace can be prescribed to prevent the condition from getting worse.
The usual dose of Altace (Altace ) is 2.5-20 milligrams a day as a single dose or two divided doses.
As a precaution, your doctor may have you take the first dose of Altace in his office. To reduce the risk of a severe drop in blood pressure, the dosage of any diuretic you're taking should be reduced or, if possible, eliminated.
High blood pressure
For patients not on diuretics, the usual starting dose is 2.5 mg, taken once daily. After blood pressure is under control, the dosage will range from 2.5 to 20 mg a day in a single dose or divided into 2 equal doses. If Altace proves insufficient, the doctor may then add a diuretic.
Heart attack and stroke prevention
Patients usually receive 2.5 mg once a day for the first week. The dose is then increased to 5 mg once a day for the next 3 weeks, and to as much as 10 mg daily for the long term. The doctor may recommend dividing each dose into two smaller ones if you have high blood pressure or are recovering from a recent heart attack.
Heart failure after a heart attack
The usual starting dose is 2.5 mg taken twice a day. If your blood pressure drops severely, your doctor will reduce the dose to 1.25 mg, then slowly increase it back to the starting dose, aiming for a maintenance dose of 5 mg twice a day.
If you have kidney problems, your doctor may
prescribe a lower than normal dose.
The safety and effectiveness of Altace in children have not been established.
Altace generally is well tolerated, and side effects are usually mild and transient. A dry, persistent cough has been reported with the use of Altace and other ACE inhibitors. Coughing resolves after discontinuing the drug.
Other side effects include:
- Numbness Or Tingling In The Hands Or Feet;
- Loss Of Taste;
- Loss Of Appetite;
- Abdominal Pain;
Altace and other ACE inhibitors also may cause kidney failure and increased levels of potassium in the blood. The most serious but, fortunately, very rare side effects are liver failure and angioedema (swelling of lips and throat that can obstruct breathing).
Altace side effects that you should report to your health care professional or doctor as soon as possible:
- Low Blood Pressure (In People With Congestive Heart Failure);
- Cough (In People With High Blood Pressure);
- Chest Pain;