Amoxicillin is an antibiotic of the penicillin type. It is effective against different bacteria such as:
- N Gonorrhea;
- H Influenzae;
- E Coli Pneumococci;
- Certain Strains Of Staphylococci;
Chemically, it is closely related to penicillin and ampicillin. Addition of clavulanic acid to amoxicillin in Augmentin enhances the effectiveness of this antibiotic against many other bacteria that are ordinarily resistant to amoxicillin.
Augmentin is prescribed against susceptible bacteria causing infections of:
- The Middle Ear;
- Throat Infections;
Augmentin is prescribed in treating:
- Skin Infections;
- Urinary Tract Infections;
Augmentin is prescribed in the treatment of lower respiratory, middle ear, sinus, skin, and urinary tract infections that are caused by certain specific bacteria. These bacteria produce a chemical enzyme called beta lactamase that makes some infections particularly difficult to treat.
Augmentin ES-600, a stronger, oral-suspension form of the drug, is prescribed for certain stubborn ear infections that previous treatment has failed to clear up in children two and under, or those attending day care.
Augmentin XR is an extended-release form of the drug prescribed to treat pneumonia and sinus infections.
Tablets: 250 milligrams amoxicillin and 125 milligrams clavulanic acid,
Tablets: 500 milligrams amoxicillin and 125 milligrams clavulanic acid,
Tablets: 875 milligrams amoxicillin and 125 milligrams clavulanic acid.
Chewable tablets: 125 milligrams amoxicillin and 31.25 milligrams clavulanic acid,
Chewable tablets: 200 milligrams amoxicillin and 28.5 milligrams clavulanic acid,
Chewable tablets: 250 milligrams amoxicillin and 62.5 g clavulanic acid,
Chewable tablets: 400 milligrams amoxicillin and 57 milligrams clavulanic acid.
Extended-release tablets of 1000 milligrams amoxicillin and 62.5 milligrams clavulanic acid (Augmentin XR).
Suspension: 125 milligrams amoxicillin and 31.25 milligrams clavulanic acid per 5 milliliters,
Suspension: 200 milligrams amoxicillin and 28.5 milligrams clavulanic acid per 5 milliliters,
Suspension: 250 milligrams amoxicillin and 62.5 milligrams clavulanic acid per 5 milliliters,
Suspension: 400 milligrams amoxicillin and 57 milligrams clavulanic acid per 5 milliliters.
Augmentin should be taken on a full stomach. No more than one tablet should be taken at a time since the extra clavulanic acid can cause stomach upset.
The usual adult dose is one 500-mg tablet every 12 hours or one 250-mg tablet every 8 hours. For more severe infections and infections of the respiratory tract, the dose should be one 875-mg tablet every 12 hours or one 500-mg tablet every 8 hours. It is essential that you take this drug according to your doctor's directions.
The total daily dose of Augmentin XR is 4,000 mg of amoxicillin and 250 mg of clavulanate potassium, given in divided doses every 12 hours for 10 days (for sinus infections) or for 7 to 10 days (for pneumonia).
Older than 3 months
For middle ear infections, sinus inflammation, lower respiratory tract infections, and more severe infections, the usual dose of the 200- or 400-mg suspension is 45 mg per 2.2 pounds per day, in 2 doses, every 12 hours, and of the 125- or 250-mg suspension, 40 mg per 2.2 pounds per day, in 3 doses, every 8 hours.
For less severe infections, the usual dose is 25 mg of the 200- or 400-mg suspension for each 2.2 pounds of weight per day, divided into 2 doses, every 12 hours, or 20 mg of the 125- or 250-mg suspension per 2.2 pounds per day, divided into 3 doses, every 8 hours.
The usual dosage of Augmentin ES-600 oral suspension is 90 mg per 2.2 pounds of body weight per day, divided into 2 doses taken every 12 hours. Treatment lasts 10 days.
Children weighing 88 pounds or more will take the adult dosage of standard Augmentin.
Less than 3 months
Children in this age group take 30 mg per 2.2 pounds of body weight per day, divided into 2 doses and taken every 12 hours.
Augmentin XR has not been studied in children younger than 16 years old and should not be prescribed in this group.
Augmentin side effects that you should report to your health care professional or doctor as soon as possible:
- Skin Rashes And Hives;
- Diarrhea/Loose Stools;
Minor side effects include:
- Abdominal Discomfort;
Major side effects include:
- Yellowing Of The Eyes Or Skin;
- Vaginal Itching;
- Reversible Hepatitis;
- Easy Bruising Or Bleeding;
- Bloody Or Prolonged Diarrhea;