Cipro is an antibiotic prescribed to treat infections of the lower respiratory tract, the abdomen, the skin, the bones and joints, and the urinary tract, including cystitis (bladder inflammation) in women. It is also prescribed for severe sinus or bronchial infections, infectious diarrhea, typhoid fever, inhalational anthrax, infections of the prostate gland, and some sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea. Additionally, some doctors prescribe Cipro for certain serious ear infections, tuberculosis, and some of the infections common in people with AIDS.
Cipro may also be prescribed for children with a urinary tract infection or kidney infection when other antibiotics are not effective.
Because Cipro is effective only for certain types of bacterial infections, before beginning treatment your doctor may perform tests to identify the specific organisms causing your infection.
Cipro is available as a tablet and an oral suspension (liquid). Cipro HC Otic is a suspension (ear drops) that also contains the anti-inflammatory drug hydrocortisone; it's prescribed externally to treat ear infections.
Cipro XR, an extended-release form of the drug, is prescribed to treat cystitis, urinary tract infection, and kidney infection.
Cipro side effects that you should report to your health care professional or doctor as soon as possible:
- Abdominal Pain/Discomfort;
If you have kidney problems, your doctor may prescribe dosages lower than the ones listed below.
Note that if you're using the oral suspension, 1 teaspoonful of 5% suspension equals 250 mg and 1 teaspoonful of 10% suspension equals 500 mg.
Urinary Tract Infections : The usual adult dosage is 250 mg taken every 12 hours. Complicated infections, as determined by your doctor, may require 500 mg taken every 12 hours. Treatment usually lasts 7 to 14 days.
Cystitis (Bladder Inflammation) in Women: The usual dosage is either 100 mg or 250 mg every 12 hours. Treatment usually lasts 3 days.
Lower Respiratory Tract, Skin, Bone, and Joint Infections: The usual recommended dosage is 500 mg taken every 12 hours. Complicated infections, as determined by your doctor, may require a dosage of 750 mg taken every 12 hours. Treatment usually lasts 7 to 14 days, except for bone and joint infections, which require 4 to 6 weeks.
Infectious Diarrhea; Typhoid Fever; Sinus, Prostate, and Abdominal Infections: The recommended dosage is 500 mg taken every 12 hours. Treatment lasts 5 to 7 days for diarrhea, 10 days for typhoid fever and sinus infections, 7 to 14 days for abdominal infections, and 28 days for prostate infections.
Inhalational Anthrax: For adults, the recommended dosage is 500 mg taken every 12 hours. Children's doses are calculated at a rate of 15 mg per 2.2 pounds of body weight up to a maximum of 500 mg per dose. Treatment continues for 60 days.
Gonorrhea in the Urethra or Cervix: For these sexually transmitted diseases, a single 250-mg dose is the usual treatment.
For Cipro HC Otic
Ear Infection: Instill 3 drops of suspension into the ear twice a day for 7 days.
For Cipro XR
Cystitis (Bladder Inflammation) in Women: The usual dosage is 500 mg taken once daily for 3 days.
Urinary Tract and Kidney Infections: The usual dosage is 1,000 mg taken once daily for 7 to 14 days.
CHILDREN AGES 1 TO 17 YEARS OLD
Urinary Tract and Kidney Infections: The usual dosage is based on your child's weight. It should be taken every 12 hours for 10 to 21 days.
Inhalational Anthrax: The usual dosage is based on your child's weight. It should be taken every 12 hours for 60 days.
For Cipro HC Otic
The dosage is the same as for adults.
Cipro XR is not recommended for anyone less than 18 years old.