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Dexamethasone

Dexamethasone Structure

Dexamethasone Eye drops
Dexamethasone phosphate 0.1% w/v

Dexamethasone No Prescription

Dexamethasone is prescribed for the treatment of:

Ophthalmic: Steroid responsive inflammatory conditions of the palpebral and bulbar conjuctiva, cornea and anterior segment of the globe.

Dexamethasone Dosage

Shake bottle well before use:

Ophthalmic: One or two drops topically in the conjunctival sac(s).
For severe or acute inflammation every 30 to 60 minutes as initial therapy, reducing the dosage to every two to four hours when a favourable response is observed.
Further reduction may be made to one drop three or four times daily if sufficient to control inflammation.
If favourable response is not obtained in three to four days, additional systemic or conjunctival therapy may be indicated.
For chronic inflammation, every three to eight hours as necessary.
For allergies or minor inflammation, every three to four hours until the desired response is obtained.

Dexamethasone Contraindications

Contraindicated in epithelial herpes simplex keratitis (dendritic keratitis), vaccinia, varicella, and many other viral disease of the cornea and conjunctiva.
Myocardial infarction of the eye, fungal diseases of ocular structures, Hypersensitivity to a component of the medication.
The use of these combinations is always contraindicated after uncomplicated removal of a corneal foreign body.
Topical corticosteroids should not be prescribed in the treatment of mechanical lacerations and abrasions of the eye.
They delay healing and promote the development and spread of infection.

Dexamethasone Package

- Bottle of 5 ml;

Drug name:

Dexamethasone

Other names used:

  • AK-Trol
  • Dexasporin
  • Ocu-Trol

Active Ingredients:

  • dexamethasone

Dexamethasone Therapeutic actions:

Dexamethasone contains the active ingridient Dexamethasone. Dexameytasone belongs to a type of drugs, known as corticosteroids, that are used to reduce eye inflammation(redness, irritations,swelling or burning of the eye). Dexamethasone interacts with specific protein receptors, regulating the expression of the corticoid- dependant genes. It also works by stabilizing the lysosomal ferments, inhibiting the mitosis and migration of leukocytes. As a result, the number of chemicals that are important in inflammation precess is decreased.

Dexamethasone prescription:

Dexamethasone is prescribed to treat:

  • eye inflammation including conjunctivitis, keratoconjuctivitis or following surgery.
  • eye injury caused by chemical substances, heat burns, radiation or by penetration of a foreign object.
  • Iritis, iridocyclite, scleritis .
  • chorio-iditol, the chorio-retinitis

Dexamethasone Contraindications and cautions:

You should not use Dexamethasone :

  • if you have an allergy to any of Dexamethasone ingridients
  • if you suffer from eye disease producing pus
  • if you have eye fungal infection
  • if you wear soft contact lens
  • if you experience tuberculosis infection that affects the eye
  • if you experience viral infections of the eye(eg. Herpes Simplex, chicken pox)
  • if you experience increased pressure inside the eye

You should tell your health care provider prior to taking Dexamethasone :

  • if you are pregnant
  • if you are breastfeeding
  • if you have glaucoma or diabetes

Dexamethasone Warning!

  • Your health care provider should regularly examine your eye condition while you taking this medication, as it can sometimes cause eye disturbances. Consult your health care provider if you experience any disturbances in your vision while taking dexamethasone eye drops.
  • Dexamethasone may cause blurring of vision. Do not drive or operate machinery while taking this medicine.
  • Prolonged or intensive application of Dexamethasone may lead to an increase of intra ocular pressure , cataracts, glaucoma or damage of the optic nerve.
  • Do not take this medicine by mouth
  • Inappropriate use of dexamethasone can cause blindness.

Dexamethasone side effects:

There are possible side-effects associated with this medicine that can affect individuals in different ways. If a side effect is stated here, that does not necessarily mean the fact that all people using Dexamethasone will experience it or any other.

  • Partial vision loss due to cataracts
  • Stinging, burning or pain on application
  • Eyelid drooping
  • Increased eye pressure
  • Hypersensitivity to bright light

The dexamethasone side effects listed above may not include all of the side effects reported by the drug's manufacturer. For more information about any other possible risks associated with Dexamethasone, please read the information provided with Dexamethasone or consult your doctor or pharmacist.

Dexamethasone Interactions:

It is important to tell your doctor or pharmacist what medicines you are already taking, including those bought without a prescription and herbal medicines, before you start treatment with Dexamethasone. Similarly, check with your doctor or pharmacist before taking any new medication while taking this one, to ensure that the combination is safe.

Especially pay attention to the following drugs:

  • Barbital sodium
  • Warfarin

Dexamethasone Additional Information:

DO NOT SHARE this medicine with others. DO NOT USE THIS MEDICINE for other health conditions. KEEP THIS PRODUCT, as well as syringes and needles, if needed during treatment, out of the reach of children. Do not reuse needles, syringes, or other materials.


(c) 2017