Tablets: 200 milligrams,
Suspension: 10 milligrams/ milliliters.
Viramune is prescribed together with other anti-HIV drugs for the treatment of HIV infection.
Viramune is prescribed for advanced cases of HIV. HIV--the human immunodeficiency virus that causes AIDS--undermines the immune system over a period of years, eventually leaving the body defenseless against infection. Viramune is generally prescribed only after the immune system has declined and infections have begun to appear. It is always taken with at least one other HIV medication such as Retrovir or Videx. If taken alone, it can cause the virus to become resistant. Even if prescribed properly, it may be effective for only a limited time.
Like other drugs for HIV, Viramune works by impairing the virus's ability to multiply.
The starting dose for adults is 200 milligrams daily. After 14 days the dose should be increased to 200 milligrams every 12 hours. Viramune must be administered in combination with other anti-HIV drugs because the HIV virus quickly becomes resistant to treatment when Viramune is prescribed alone.
Viramune may be administered without regard to meals since food does not reduce its absorption.
For the first 14 days, the dose is 1 tablet a day. If no serious rash appears, the dose is then increased to 1 tablet twice a day. If you miss your doses for more than 7 days, the doctor will have to restart you at the lower initial dose.
2 months to 8 years of age
For the first 14 days, the dose of oral suspension is 4 mg per 2.2 pounds of body weight once a day. If no serious rash appears, the dose is then increased to 7 mg per 2.2 pounds twice a day.
8 years and older
For the first 14 days, the dose of oral suspension is 4 mg per 2.2 pounds of body weight once a day. If no serious rash appears, the dose is then increased to 4 mg per 2.2 pounds twice a day.
For both adults and children, total daily dosage should never exceed 400 mg (2 tablets).
In certain cases your Viramune dosage may need to be adjusted. Be sure to tell the doctor if you develop a rash within the first 14 days of using Viramune or if you stop taking the drug for more than 7 days. Also tell the doctor if you're undergoing kidney dialysis.
If you develop hepatitis during Viramune treatment, you will have to stop taking the drug.
The most common side effects of Viramune are:
- Abdominal pain;
- Muscle pain (myalgia);
The most serious side effects are liver failure and severe skin reactions.
Viramune side effects that you should report to your health care professional or doctor as soon as possible:
- Muscle Aches;
- Liver Damage;
- Joint Pain;
- Fat Redistribution;
- Drug Withdrawal;
- Allergic Reactions (Including Hives Blisters Mouth Sores Or Swollen Mouth And Throat);
- Abdominal Pain;